Over the past several months, RJDCE has undertaken a reorganization and modernization of the practice’s website. Improvements to the website have included new content, improvements to navigation and a modern new theme. The previous website was derived from a personal website when the practice launched in 2015 and was built out over the next couple of years. This is the first major upgrade to the website since it was launched and built out.
“Delegated Design” is the means by which the Design Professional of Record (DPOR) passes design responsibility for certain details or elements of a project to the Contractor. It provides flexibility so that proprietary materials and components can be incorporated into the project without the need to complete multiple, detailed design options in the construction contract documents. In addition, delegated design allows the contractor to modify certain aspects of the design to use their preferred means and methods, thus reducing construction costs.
Most people understand that earthquakes can produce catastrophic damage to the built environment. However, given that large earthquakes are relatively rare, and that the television news cameras typically move on a few days after any disaster, a lot of people’s understanding of the effects of earthquakes may be shaped more by bad disaster movies than reality.
This is unfortunate because, as with other natural hazards, there are public policy choices regarding earthquake risk and recovery that would benefit from an informed public. Among these choices are building code requirements for earthquake-resistant construction. While it may violate some people’s idea of “common sense”, earthquake-resistant structural design is required by code to some extent in all jurisdictions in the United States. Another controversy is mandatory seismic retrofit requirements in some west coast cities for non-ductile concrete and “soft-story” wood frame buildings. Since news organizations may have little more scientific literacy than the public they must inform, they may have too simple an understanding of earthquakes and may overstate associated risks. This could result in disaster mitigation resources being spread too thin.
Construction, particularly in the urban environment, often exposes nearby structures and facilities to hazards, some of which are difficult to predict precisely and manifest as the work progresses. Impacts of this nature are associated with excavations, tunneling and foundation construction methods, and often require monitoring of potentially impacted structures and facilities. A monitoring program may include a variety of means of observation and measurements, including periodic visual and photographic observations of the work and adjacent properties, survey readings and instrumentation to measure displacement, vibrations, groundwater levels and other phenomena.
Commonly used construction monitoring techniques have been available for over 50 years. Technology has reduced the cost and expanded the options for monitoring programs. In spite of this, the full benefit of construction monitoring is often not realized. Here are a few things that can be wrong with the monitoring program for your project: Continue reading “What’s Wrong with Your Monitoring Plan”
When structural systems are used to retain in-situ soil during excavation, the resulting soil pressures are difficult to accurately predict. In addition to the uncertainty inherent to soil materials, and the inability to fully measure those properties, the pressures on an excavation support system or permanent foundation elements that similarly retain in-situ soil and any existing facilities thereon are indeterminate soil-structure interaction problems. As the structural system is loaded, usually by the excavation of supporting soil, it deforms. Movement of the excavation support mobilizes the internal strength of the soil. For a given load, the deformation stops when equilibrium is reached and the soil and support structure are sharing the task of retaining the soil.
This loading process is non-linear, time-dependent, and is influenced by a number of soil attributes, as well as the configuration and behavior of the excavation support structure, both globally and locally. Consequently, there are many approaches to estimate the soil loads on an excavation support system, all of which are based on simplifying assumptions of the soil-structure interaction. Continue reading “When to Use Soil-Structure Interaction for Excavation Support Design”
I was once contacted by a marketing official of renewable energy firm looking for help with a small solar array project. His company had a solar installation designed offshore but needed an engineer licensed in the proper jurisdiction to seal the drawings…that afternoon. I balked at the request. I could not possibly perform a sufficient review of the design to represent to the jurisdiction that I was in responsible charge. The marketer insisted that my seal on the plans would just tell the jurisdiction that I would be involved going forward. Sure I would be… Continue reading “The Perils of Seal Renting and Permission Slips”
This area is in a relatively narrow valley where two streams converge before emptying into the Patapsco River. It is a small urban area with a lot of hardscapes and the creek is channelized (some of the buildings span over the creek). If the ground becomes saturated and the river rises, there is just no place for the runoff to go in a heavy storm. Needless to say, this is a flood-prone neighborhood; it has flooded 15 times since 1768. Continue reading “Sometimes Lightning Strikes Twice”
Having projects in the urban environment representing a large proportion of my career experience, I am always a little surprised when I encounter design professionals and contractors who do not fully appreciate the challenges and constraints associated with building on urban sites. While a lot of design professionals, contractors and other stakeholders have urban project horror stories, they do not necessarily associate those adversities with choices that were made or not made during the project. It is almost as if they believe that nothing can be done.
Perhaps I should not be surprised. The fact is that most of the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (A/E/C) industry is focused outside of the urban cores. In a lot of major metropolitan areas, development has focused on low-density sprawl with large parking lots and generous setbacks. For these projects, consideration of the outside world may be limited to curb cuts and utility connections. Is it any wonder then that designers and constructors underestimate what it takes to build on a constrained urban lot. Continue reading “Site-Structural Engineering for the Urban Environment”